How is Internet of Things (IoT) implemented?
October 10, 2017
The things in the “Internet of Things” refers to a network of devices that can communicate with each other through the Internet. These devices have the ability to also send and receive data. When connected with a computer or smart phone, they have the ability to automate processes and form a network of integrated applications. Some of the examples of these “things” are smart meters, fitness trackers, home appliances, medical devices and even shoes or clothes using sensors. Any object embedded with a computer chip can form a system in the IoT.
The minimum things required for an IoT application to function are the hardware device, the software, device unique identifier or IP (Internet Protocol) address, Internet connectivity and a cloud platform.
The device hardware usually consists of sensors or embedded chips. These are very small inexpensive devices with varying CPUs, operating systems and memory. These are placed in various locations like buildings, factories and cities or even inside animals for data collection purposes.
The IP address is the most important element of the device. This unique identifier allows you to identify the device sending or receiving the information.
Communications or Internet connectivity allows the device to communicate with each other. The Internet connection can be wired, through Ethernet cables, or wireless, such as a Wi-Fi or cellular network. Communications technology is advanced to the extent that it makes data sharing and data access simple and seamless.
Since the volume of data collected is more than 100 Exabytes per month, a cloud platform that offers low-cost storage is essential.
Finally, the cloud applications or the data analytics software is crucial to converting this data into actionable insights that has a powerful impact on your business.