The concept of constructing smart buildings evolved to conserve energy and build buildings – both commercial and residential – that are energy efficient.
For commercial buildings, the transition to smart buildings is vital to the growth of the organization. It will help the building management save a lot of money because of better efficiency as well as improved overall building operation.
The Internet of things (IoT) has created a gateway to help manage and control elaborate buildings. These gateways are projected to exceed 64 million units in 2021, according to ABI Research.
Smart buildings and smart cities are continuously transforming how people carry out their activities on daily basis. Smart cities will soon emerge with things like street lights and parking meters connected to commercial buildings and connected to the internet. At present, some cities have started implementing the smart city approach by connecting everything about their community to the internet.
Along with conserving energy, smart buildings will help save money. Here are some of the biggest IoT smart building trends likely to take shape this year, according to SenseWare.
1. Predictive maintenance
Predictive maintenance makes use of IoT sensors and other hardware devices to get a report on the state of a commercial building and all equipment in it. It gives the exact time when maintenance needs to be performed.
Unexpected issues that usually crop up with preventive maintenance can be overcome using predictive maintenance. Also, predictive maintenance makes it difficult for commercial activities to be disrupted because it is performed when necessary to keep the environment running at all time.
2. Air quality measurement
Smart building air quality can have an impact on the productivity of workers. Research conducted by Environmental Health Perspectives shows that workers are 101 percent more efficient in their duty when they work from buildings with good indoor environmental quality than the conventional buildings.
IoT devices can be used to check and measure the air quality, as well as CO2 levels in the air using various sensors that are interconnected. These devices are connected to all part of the buildings, which can help keep the environment and everyone in it healthy and productive.
3. IoT-supported complex applications
Another new trend to expect in 2018 is the use of applications in smart buildings.
For instance, the use of thermal imaging will allow facility managers to check for equipment that are outside of the temperature range. Thus, they can be easily detected and maintenance can be done before the equipment disrupts the system.
Another example will be detection of ultra-sonic noises. Electrical transmission lines, which have cracks or holes, produce ultrasonic sound. This may go unnoticed in usual cases but with IoT technology, one can easily detect the location for maintenance.
4. Measurement and verification using IoT
Another area where IoT has wholly transformed is the way commercial facility managers can track information, measure and collect data even in inaccessible areas within commercial buildings.
Commercial facility owners can install sensors in various parts of the building to track all information that they never had access to in the past. IoT allows facility managers to have access to all information using the interconnected systems.
IoT offers the ability to collect near real-time data and analyze it with higher spatial resolution.
5. Real-time data accessibility
Another way through which IoT is making a difference in the world of smart building is the speed at which data is reported. IoT devices give builders insights to react quickly to emerging trends.
IoT applications allow facility managers to conduct various experiments to check the result of optimization. It also gives them room to use IoT devices in monitoring buildings systems using one panel.
6. IoT in green building movement
IoT makes it possible for commercial owners to have buildings that are energy sufficient. It also influences the design of the buildings and allows them to be eco-friendly and resource efficient.
These buildings are made to operate at optimum energy levels. They are also made to detect failure or degradation signs of equipment with effective measurement and verification process as well as tools.
These intelligent building management systems can be remotely managed from any part of the world. Moreover, the indoor as well as outdoor environment is sensed at all times to give optimal results for ventilation, lighting, fire and security purposes.
7. IoT and prefabricated building components
IoT allows the use of prefabricated building components in construction of a smart building. This ensures a faster and more cost-effective way than traditional building methods.
This building, when used for commercial purposes could lead to less construction waste. Although, using prefab homes for commercial purposes can be complicated, IoT has brought forward various ways through which this can be addressed.
8. IoTin efficientconstruction management
IoT has made it possible to replace outdated heavy construction equipment with sensors that can be controlled using indicators like vibrations and temperature fluctuations. Thus, saving a lot of energy, money reduces the maintenance cost, as there are no rotating parts.
9. IoT for energy efficiency
The most important impact that IoT has on buildings is energy efficiency. The use of networked sensors help in providing information that would help managers to control their assets better and also reduce harmful waste in the environment.
10. IoT for better asset optimization
IoT also helps in better asset optimization. It enables facility managers to use technology solutions, improving uptime of building equipment and avoidance of loss of product.
IoT helps in managing large data of all the assets along the value chain. It keeps track of the maintenance of the assets and equipment. It helps with scheduling maintenance work orders and makes automated recommendations for equipment replacement.